The components of Speech include phonation, producing sound; resonance; fluency, variation of pitch and voice amongst other things. The components of Language include: phonology, manipulating sound according to the rules of a language; morphology, understanding and using minimal units of meaning; syntax, constructing sentences by using languages’ grammar rules; semantics, interpreting signs or symbols of communication to construct meaning; and pragmatics, social aspects of communication.
Cases which can benefit from Speech Therapy:
- Infants with injuries due to complications at birth, feeding and swallowing difficulties, which could include dysphagia.
- Children with mild, moderate or severe:
- Genetic disorders that adversely affect speech, language and/or cognitive development.
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)
- Autism (including Asperger’s)
- Developmental Delay
- Feeding Disorders
- Cranial Nerve Damage.
- Hearing Loss
- Language delays
- Specific Language impairment
- Specific difficulties in producing sounds (Also called Articulation Disorder)
- Pediatric traumatic brain injury
- Developmental Verbal dyspraxia